El Salvador
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ElSalvador profile
smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea
ElSalvador history
El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.
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Conventional long form: Republic of El Salvador
Conventional short form: El Salvador
Local long form: Republica de El Salvador
Local short form: El Salvador
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ElSalvador's capital city is San Salvador
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ElSalvador Constitution:

20 December 1983
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ElSalvador population growth rate: 0.303%
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ElSalvador highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m
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ElSalvador lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
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About 32% of ElSalvador's land is arable.
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Rio Lempa is the Longest River in ElSalvador
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ElSalvador birth rate is 17 births/1,000 population
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ElSalvador infant mortality rate is 20 deaths/1,000 live births
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ElSalvador fertility rate is 1.99 children born/woman
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ElSalvador climate:

tropical;

rainy season (May to October);

dry season (November to April);

tropical on coast;

temperate in uplands
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Top 10 cities of ElSalvador with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. San Salvador: 540,989
2. Santa Ana: 245,421
3. Soyapango: 241,403
4. San Miguel: 218,410
5. Santa Tecla: 164,171
6. Mejicanos: 140,751
7. Apopa: 131,286
8. Delgado: 120,200
9. Ahuachapán: 110,511
10. Ilopango: 103,862
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ElSalvador ethnic groups:

mestizo - 86.3%
white - 12.7%
Amerindian - 1%
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ElSalvador Exports:

offshore assembly exports
coffee
sugar
textiles and apparel
gold
ethanol
chemicals
electricity
iron and steel manufactures
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ElSalvador Imports:

raw materials
consumer goods
capital goods
fuels
foodstuffs
petroleum
electricity
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unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento)

1. Ahuachapan
2. Cabanas
3. Chalatenango
4. Cuscatlan
5. La Libertad
6. La Paz
7. La Union
8. Morazan
9. San Miguel
10. San Salvador
11. San Vicente
12. Santa Ana
13. Sonsonate, Usulutan
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Change (Cambio Democratico) (CD) - Tomas CHEVEZ (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU)

Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) - Medardo GONZALEZ

Great Alliance for National Unity (GANA) - Andres ROVIRA

National Coalition (Concertation Nacional) (CN) - Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA (formerly the National Conciliation Party (PCN))

Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) - Alfredo CRISTIANI

Party of Hope (PES) - Rodolfo Antonio PARKER Soto (formerly the Christian Democratic Party (PDC))